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Eligibility for mobility benefits in
relation to Personal Independence Payment (PIP) has been the
subject of much discussion in Parliament, the press and among
disability campaigners recently.
Read our guide to find out the latest news about mobility
and Personal Independence Payment.
PIP will be a new benefit to replace Disability Living
Allowance (DLA) for people of working age (16 - 64 years).
It will be introduced for new claims for people of working
age from 8 April 2013 in Merseyside, Cumbria, Cheshire and
North East England (the areas covered by
Bootle Disability Benefits Centre (link opens in a new
window) - followed by the rest of the UK from 10 June
People of working age already receiving Disability
Living Allowance (DLA) may be transferred over to PIP at some
point after these dates. For more information, see the
proposed timetable on the Turn2us Personal Independence Payment
The rules for eligibility to PIP have not yet been finalised,
but they are due to become law soon. There are particular concerns
about the expected reduction in the number of people who will be
entitled to the enhanced rate of PIP mobility component compared
with the existing DLA higher mobility component.
The Department for Work and Pension's impact assessment
of PIP estimates that 428,000 fewer people will be entitled to the
higher rate of assistance for mobility needs than are currently
entitled under DLA.
DLA higher rate mobility component and PIP enhanced mobility
component will be paid at the same rate - £55.25 from April
To qualify for PIP mobility component, a person will have to
score either 8 or 12 points from the table of mobility descriptors
(see table below). There are two main areas of mobility
difficulties considered by the PIP rules:
A person who scores 8 or 10 points will be entitled to the
standard rate of PIP mobility, and a person who scores 12 or more
will be entitled to the enhanced rate.
Under PIP a person with physical problems moving around will
only qualify for the enhanced rate of PIP mobility component
if they can walk no more than 20 metres. This is significantly
different to the rules around DLA higher rate mobility component,
which specifies no set maximum distance. To qualify for DLA higher
mobility a person must be 'virtually unable to walk', and this
takes account of speed of walking, manner of walking and whether
walking causes severe discomfort. This change of rule for
PIP may account for some of the expected drop in eligible
Source: The Social Security (Personal Independence Payment)
Regulations 2013 (link opens in a new window)
On 1 February, the Government agreed to amend the proposed rules
so that the assessment of PIP eligibility should take account of
whether the claimant can complete an activity, such as walking 20
There are a number of travel concessions available to a person
who receives DLA higher mobility, and the government has been
considering how entitlement to PIP mobility will bring entitlement
Entitlement depends on higher rate DLA mobility or enhanced PIP
For more information, see
the Motability website information on PIP (link opens in a new
You can be exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty (Vehicle or Car Tax)
for one vehicle if you receive enhanced mobility element
PIP or DLA higher mobility.
From April 2013, you can get a 50 per cent discount on Car
Tax if you receive the standard mobility element of PIP.
The vehicle must be registered in the disabled person’s name or
their nominated driver’s name. It must only be used for the
disabled person’s personal needs and can’t be used by the nominated
driver for their own personal use.
See the Gov.UK
information on vehicles exempt from Vehicle Tax (link opens in
a new window)
In England a person who receives enhanced mobility element PIP
or DLA higher mobility will automatically be entitled to a Blue
Badge from their local authority. Also a person who
scores eight points or more in the ‘Moving Around’ activity of
PIP will be automatically eligible for a Blue Badge. A score
of eight points is awarded to a person who cannot walk further
than approximately 50 metres.
For more information, see the
Gov.UK information on Personal Independence Payment and eligibility
for a Blue Badge (link opens in a new window).
PIP is also being introduced in Scotland and Wales,
but the national governments are still consulting on
arrangements. Some aspects may have a different effect in these
countries to England.
The Welfare Reform Bill for Northern Ireland is not yet law. It
is not known, therefore, when PIP will be introduced or whether
any aspects will be different from those introduced in
England, Scotland and Wales.
Date of publication: Turn2us News February 2013
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