PIP mobility and travel concessions
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Qualifying for PIP mobility component
There are two main mobility activities looked at when seeing if
you qualify for the mobility component of PIP:
- Planning and following a journey – this covers the difficulties
experienced by people with learning difficulties, mental health
problems or sensory impairment
- Moving around – this covers the difficulties experienced by
people with physical problems
A person who scores 8 or 10 points when their level of
difficulty with these activities is assessed will be entitled to
the standard rate of PIP mobility, and a person who scores 12 or
more will be entitled to the enhanced rate. See the assessment
The Social Security (Personal Independence Payment) Regulations
2013 (link opens in a new window)
Enhanced rate mobility
Under PIP a person with physical problems moving around will
only qualify for the enhanced rate mobility component if they can
walk no more than 20 metres.
This is significantly different to the rules for DLA higher
rate mobility component, which has no set maximum distance. To
qualify for DLA higher mobility a person must be 'virtually unable
to walk', and this takes account of speed of walking, manner of
walking and whether walking causes severe discomfort.
The Department for Work and Pensions estimates that 428,000
fewer people will be entitled to the enhanced rate mobility
component of PIP than are currently entitled to the higher rate
mobility component of DLA.
On 1 February 2013, the government agreed to amend the proposed
rules so that the assessment of PIP eligibility should take account
of whether the claimant can not just complete an activity, such as
walking 20 metres, but do this:
- Repeatedly, and
- In a reasonable time period.
There are a number of travel concessions available to a person
who receives DLA higher rate mobility, and the government has been
considering how entitlement to PIP mobility will bring entitlement
Entitlement depends on you getting DLA higher rate
mobility or PIP enhanced rate mobility.
For more information, see following information:
PIP on the Motability website (link opens in a new window)
Disability Rights UK: Motability support if you fail Personal
Independence Payment (PIP) assessment (link opens in a new
Turn2us news story on Motability and Personal
Independence Payment 16 October 2013
You can be exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty (car tax) for
one vehicle if you receive PIP enhanced rate mobility or
DLA higher rate mobility.
You can get a 50 per cent discount on car tax if you receive PIP
standard rate mobility.
The vehicle must be registered in your name or your nominated
driver’s name. It must only be used for your personal needs and
can’t be used by your nominated driver for their own
See the Gov.UK
information on vehicles exempt from car tax (link opens in a new
Blue Badge for parking
In England if you receive PIP enhanced
rate mobility or DLA higher rate mobility you will
automatically be entitled to a Blue Badge from your local
If you score eight points or more in the ‘Moving Around’
activity in the PIP assessment you will also be
automatically entitled to a Blue Badge. A score
of eight points is awarded to a person who cannot walk further
than approximately 50 metres.
For more information, see the
Gov.UK information on Personal Independence Payment and eligibility
for a Blue Badge (link opens in a new window).
PIP: Scotland and Wales
PIP is also being introduced in Scotland and Wales,
but the national governments are still consulting on
arrangements for Personal Independence Payment. Some aspects may
have a different effect in these countries to England.
PIP: Northern Ireland
The Welfare Reform Bill for Northern Ireland is not yet law. It
is expected that PIP will be introduced from June 2013
but it is not yet known whether any aspects will be different
from those introduced in England, Scotland and Wales.
Last updated: 16 October 2013