It can be complicated to work out how much Housing Benefit you might get. You can use the Turn2us Benefits Calculator which will calculate how much Housing Benefit you may be entitled to.
If you get benefits like Income Support, income-related Employment and Support Allowance, income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, or the guarantee part of Pension Credit, you will get your maximum amount of Housing Benefit. Remember that even if you get your maximum amount of Housing Benefit, it will not necessarily cover all of your rent.
Even if you are working, you might get some Housing Benefit to help towards your rent. This depends on your income and savings and on your personal circumstances.
Part of the Housing Benefit calculation for private tenants is based on how many bedrooms you are thought to need for your household. You are allowed one bedroom for each category shown below:
each adult couple
each person over 16
two children of the same sex under 16
two children under 10, regardless of their sex
any other child
an overnight carer you need but who doesn't normally live with you.
Private tenants also have a category meaning that most single people, under age 35, with no children or disabilities are only allowed one bedroom in shared accommodation, rather than a one bedroom property to themselves.
Some households are allowed an extra bedroom under the size criteria rules:
Foster carers who have had a child placed with them, or have registered as a carer, in the last 12 months
Parents of armed forces personnel - while their child is away on duty their room won't be considered as 'spare' if they intend to return to it
Parents of a disabled child in receipt of middle or high rate care component of Disability Living Allowance - if they are unable to share a room with a sibling but would be expected to under normal size criteria rules
When considering whether a child’s disability makes it unreasonable for them to share a bedroom, the factors a local authority should consider include:
whether the child is currently sharing a bedroom without difficulty;
whether the frequency and nature of any overnight care causes prolonged and/or repeated disruption to another child;
whether the nature of the disability increases the likelihood that the child may behave disruptively during the night;
whether sharing a bedroom poses a risk of physical harm to either child; and
how long the situation is likely to last - to qualify for an extra bedroom the inability to share would be expected to be long term.
If you are a private tenant and you have made a new claim or moved since April 2008, how much rent can be paid by Housing Benefit will be restricted by the Local Housing Allowance.
Your Local Housing Allowance rate is based on rental prices in your area and the size of property you are entitled to. This might mean that not all of your rent can be paid by Housing Benefit because your home is larger than you need or your rent is considered to be too expensive.
If you are a private tenant you can visit the HB update website (link opens in a new window) to find out what your Local Housing Allowance is.
The Turn2us Benefits Calculator can calculate how much Housing Benefit you may be entitled to.
In England, Scotland and Wales, if you rent your home from a social housing landlord such as the council or a housing association, and you are of working age, your Housing Benefit is not based on rental prices in your area but may be reduced if it's considered you have more bedrooms than you actually need.
If your home is considered to be too big for you, the rent amount used to calculate your Housing Benefit will be cut by:
If you are over Pension Credit age this size criteria does not affect your claim for Housing Benefit.
In Northern Ireland, this is expected to be introduced during the 2015/16 financial year but it still needs to be approved by the Northern Ireland Assembly and the Northern Ireland Executive and changes may be made.
See NI Direct website for more information on potential changes to Housing Benefit (link opens in a new window)
Housing Benefit is included in the Benefit Cap which limits the total amount in some benefits that working-age people can receive. For those affected, the cap is applied by reducing the amount of Housing Benefit awarded.
See our Benefit Cap guide for more details.
How will I be paid Housing Benefit?
If you are a Housing Executive or registered housing association tenant, you will not be paid Housing Benefit directly. Instead it will be taken off the rent you have to pay so you pay less rent, or no rent yourself.
If you have a private landlord, you will be paid straight into your Bank, Building Society or Post Office account or by Simple Payment if you are unable to open or manage one of these or a similar account. Sometimes the Housing Executive can pay your landlord directly.
Housing Benefit for rate relief reduces your rates bill.
Housing Benefit is usually paid in arrears every week, two weeks, four weeks or monthly depending on when your rent is usually due.
Housing Benefit and other benefits
Housing Benefit counts in full as income when calculating your entitlement to other means-tested benefits.