Benefit Cap - Am I affected by the Benefit Cap?
The Benefit Cap is a limit to the total amount in some benefits that working-age people can get.
- Last reviewed 30 November 2023
Am I affected by the Benefit Cap?
You can use our Benefits Calculator to check whether you are affected or will be affected by the Benefit Cap (We tell you if you are affected by the cap on the 'Results page' of the Calculator, in the Notes section for Housing Benefit and Universal Credit).
The Benefit Cap will not affect you if your total benefit entitlement is less than the Benefit Cap amount
The Benefit Cap usually applies to you if you or your partner is of working age and you receive:
The Benefit Cap does not apply to you if you are exempt from the Benefit Cap (see below) or you are in a grace period.
Am I exempt from the Benefit Cap?
You are exempt from the Benefit Cap if:
- You (or your partner or your child under 18) are receiving:
- You (or your partner) are receiving:
- Attendance Allowance
- Carer's Allowance
- Guardian's Allowance
- Carer's Element of Universal Credit
- Support component of Employment and Support Allowance
- Limited Capability for Work-Related Activity (LCWRA) element of Universal Credit
- Armed Forces Compensation Scheme Payments or War Pension Pension Scheme payments
- Armed Forces Independence Payment
- Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit
- War Disablement Pension
- War Widow's or Widower's Pension
- You are claiming Universal Credit and you (and your partner) earn at least £722 per month before tax, national insurance and pensions deductions.
- You are claiming Housing Benefit and you (and your partner) receive Working Tax Credit, or qualify for it but your income is too high to receive any payment.
- You and your partner are over State Pension age
- Either you or your partner became State Pension age before 14 May 2019 and you are getting Pension age Housing Benefit. It can be hard to work out if this applies to you or not, so you should speak to an adviser if you're in this position.
How much do I need to work to be exempt from the Benefit Cap?
If you are claiming Universal Credit and you are earning at least the amount you would get for 16 hours per week at National Living Wage, you are exempt from the Benefit Cap.
You are exempt if you are earning at least £722 per month.
If you are claiming Housing Benefit and you are getting Working Tax Credit, you are exempt from the Benefit Cap.
You are also exempt if you have an open claim for Working Tax Credit and meet the qualification requirements, but are not receiving payment because your income is too high.
If you are claiming Universal Credit, the Benefit Cap will not be applied for a nine month grace period if:
- You (or your partner) earned at least £722 per month for each of the previous 12 months.
If you are claiming Housing Benefit, the Benefit Cap will not be applied for a 39 week grace period if:
- You (or your partner) were working for at least 50 out of the previous 52 weeks, and
- Whilst you (or your partner) were working, you were not entitled to Income Support, Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) or Employment and Support Allowance (ESA).